In order to illustrate his concept, Bhatta Nayaka , observes : a  spectator cannot have Rati -bhava in respect of a heroine, say Shakuntala, because he knows that she is wife of Dushyanta. Both Vastu Dhvani and Alamkara Dhvani can be expressed by direct meaning (Vacyaartha) or by suggestion (Vyangyanartha). Name Dhvani is combinations of, one occurrence of A, one occurrence of D, one occurrence of H, one occurrence of I, one occurrence of N and one occurrence of V has a lots of significance in Astrology. Thus, freed from the limitations of space and time, the poetic experiences (Rasa) attain a universal form, bringing delight to all, across the varied classes, regions and generations. ato hy anyatamenāpi  prakāreṇa vibhūṣitā / vāṇī navatvam āyāti pūrvārthānvayavaty api // DhvK_4.2 //, While commenting on this verse, Abhinavagupta explains that because of the wonders of the speech (ukti-vaichitryam), these poetic expressions take on countless meanings; and, still have scope for further innovations. He says that the more a person is attuned to aesthetic impressions from literature by constant exposure to literary works, the more mirror- like becomes his heart. There is nothing surprising in this: both names … In another passage of the Rig-Veda , it is said that the great poets select their words by ‘winnowing away the chaff from the grain’; and, only the persons of equal learning and refinement can truly appreciate their poems, fully. Then , he asks, how can the spectator relish Sringara -rasa? Search for more names by meaning. Dhvani means: Sound; Thunder. Abhinavagupta accepted that; and expanded on the concept by adding an explanation to it. Thus, the success of a good Kavya fundamentally involves three aspects:  the poet’s creative inspiration (Prathibha); its  form  by way  of the words (Sabda) and meaning (Artha), i.e. nationality or country of origin. uta tvaḥ paśyan na dadarśa vācam uta tvaḥ śṛṇvan na śṛṇoty enām |  uto tvasmai tanvaṃ vi sasre jāyeva patya uśatī suvāsāḥ |RV_10,071.04|. Origin / Tag / Usage. According to this school the Kavya that suggests Rasa is excellent. Glimpses of Indian Poetics by Satya Deva Caudharī, Indian Poetics (Bharathiya Kavya Mimamse) by Dr. T N Sreekantaiyya, Sahityashastra, the Indian Poetics by Dr. Ganesh Tryambak Deshpande, History of Indian Literature by Maurice Winternitz, Moriz Winternitz, A History of Classical Poetry: Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit by Siegfried Lienhard, Literary Cultures in History by Sheldon Pollock, The Philosophy of the Grammarians, Volume 5 By Harold G. Coward, Posted by sreenivasaraos on July 24, 2015 in Kavya, Sanskrit, Tags: Abhinavagupta, Anandavardhana, Artha, Classifications of Dhvani, Dhvani, Indian Poetics, Kavya, Opponents to Dhvani, Paroksha artha, Rasa, Rasa Dhvani, Sabda, Sanskrit poetry, Sphota, Vyanjana, This WordPress.com site is the bee's knees, [I could not arrange the topics in a sequential order (krama). Sometimes it happens that another name has the same meaning. The criteria, here, is not whether the expression sounds beautiful; but, whether its qualities (Guna) are adequate (Auchitya) to lead the reader to the inner core of the poetry.]. Let’s, therefore, briefly talk about words, meanings and Rasa. Here, the mere knowledge of the word alone is not enough to understand and enjoy the poetic import or the essence of the Kavya. The real essence of poetry is , of course, the Rasa Dhavani. He also introduced the concept of Sadharanikarana, the generalization of the art experience. This helps, he says,  in enjoying Srngara-rasa, in a generalized way . Those who criticized his views include: Bhattanayaka, Kuntaka, Mahimabhatta, Dhananjaya, Bhoja, Rajasekhra, Vishwanatha and few others. DHVANI products marked "Backorder Stock" are part of our next production batch and generally ship to you within 4-6 weeks. Here, the speech or the language (Vacya) and that which is described (Vacaka), are intricately related to each other. It says : the former sees , but , does not see; and, he hears , but does not hear. The meaning that is comprehended immediately after the word is uttered is its primary meaning (mukhya-artha). As Taittiriya Upanishad remarks in another context: rasam hi evaayam labhvaanandi bhavati- on experiencing Rasa , one becomes truly blissful. The meaning of Dhvani is “Sound, tune; thunder”. Ugra (Sanskrit उग्र) literally means angry or violent. sthāṇur ayam bhāra-hāraḥ kila abhūd adhītya vedam na vijānāti yo artham  / yo arthajña it sakalam bhadram aśnute nākam eti jñāna vidhūta pāpmā (Nir.1. It is these two concepts – Dhvani and Rasa – that are the building blocks of Anandavardhana’s  theory of Poetics. Though Dhvani was regarded the soul of poetry, the Navina did not lose sight of Rasa. Yaska had mentioned (Nirukta: 1-2) about a theory suggested by Audumbarayana that a sentence or an utterance is primary and is a whole,  an indivisible unit of language. Still looking for more? Dhvani (ध्वनि) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Siddheśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. if so please request it to be added. Anandavardhana remarks that not all scholars, Grammarians and logicians get to fully appreciate and enjoy a Kavya. Dhvani name meaning, Sanskrit baby Boy name Dhvani meaning,etymology, history, presonality details. The object of such power is to provide unalloyed pleasure (Ananda) to the reader by evoking the Rasa. The meaning of Dhvani is sound. [I could not arrange the topics in a sequential order (krama). In a Drama, each character would evoke a rasa that is peculiar to it. In other words, in a verbal expression abhidha and lakshana form the body; and, Vyanjana or Dhvani is in the nature of its  contents. Anandavardhana introduced a sort of new norm into Kavya. If it is argued that Guna and Alamkara are different from Dhvani , how can they be said to produce beauty? Pronunciation of Dhvani with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 meaning, 7 sentences and more for Dhvani. Only those who rise above the confines of rules, petty prejudices and individual fixations can truly appreciate the poet’s point of view. You may take these as random collection of discussions; and, read it for whatever it is worth. Spelling of Dhvani D-H-V-A-N-I, is a 6-letter male given name. Poetic beauty is apprehended (Vidyate, kevalam) only  by those who know how to recognize the essence of poetic meaning (Kavya-artha-tattva-jnana) – Dhv.1.7, śabdārtha-śāsana-jñāna-mātreṇaiva na vidyate / vidyate sa tu kāvyārtha-tattvajñair eva kevalam // DhvK_1.7 //. Yaska remarks that the poet and the listener , each in his own manner , could even be called a Rishi, a seer. here's a list of recommended resources what we do! Names Similar to Dhvani. Mahimabhatta included all types of Dhvani under the head Anumana, the inference, since Dhvani has no independent or cognizable existence. It was Bhartrhari (around 485 AD) in his great work Vakyapadiya (all about sentence and word) elaborated and established the Sphota doctrine in the realm of Grammar and in Philosophy. Anandavardhana, therefore, says that Dhvani, the  suggested sense is not apprehended (na vidyate) by mere knowledge of Grammar (Sabda-artha-shasana-jnana) and dictionary. All these elements are , therefore, highly essential for enjoyment of poetry.\. Abhinavagupta, however, explained it as the generalized state of creative medium, where the poet is an impersonal observer expressing human experience in poetry, as an intermediary. Meaning: The meaning of the name Dhwani is: Sound, Tune. Anandavardhana maintained that experience of Rasa comes through the unravelling of the suggested sense (Dhavani). Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. While the poet is blessed with creative genius (karayatri), which is an unfettered faculty (Prakhya-purna); the good-hearted reader (sahrudaya) is endowed with the receptive power (Bhavayatri), which lets her/him enjoy good poetry with delight (Asvadana). It assimilated within it all their essences. According to that, Alamkara, Riti and Guna have their importance only in the context of Dhvani the suggestion which is the soul of Kavya. Abhinavagupta (11th century) however moderated Bhattanayaka’s claim by explaining that Yogic experience is Absolute and beyond subject-object relation. In the later times, the unalloyed aesthetic pleasure (Ananda) that a reader derives from the Kavya by evoking its Rasa was compared by Bhattanayaka (10th century) to Absolute Bliss (Brahmananda); and placed it even above Yogic experience. the sound. Here, the mere knowledge of the word alone is not enough to understand and enjoy the poetic import or the essence of the Kavya. He asks : what is this ukti-vaichitryam (kimidam-uktivaicitryam ? In other words, in a verbal expression, According to Anandavardhana, the element of Rasa has to reside in the poet, in his creation Kavya and in the reader, the enjoyer. C (ii) : –  It may be some Alankaara or figure of speech that is suggested (Alamkara Dhvani) . Though the relation between the word and its meaning might, at times, be fixed; the suggestions they evoke (Dhvani), in the context, are not conditioned by the conventional denotative meaning of those words. He empathizes with the poet (Upakhya); and, recreates , for his relish, the poet’s  creative experience (Anu-sristi) ; just as the moon reflects the glow of the Sun. It said; the Gunas really qualify the Rasa; hence a Kavya should employ Gunas that are relevant to its dominant Rasa. The questions raised were : If Guna and Alamkara are left out , what else is there to lend beauty to Kavya? Yaska , the Niruktakara, remarks : a person, who merely recites the Vedas, without comprehending its meaning, is like a pillar (sthaanu) or a mere load-bearer (bhara-haara). Poetry DHVANI first lesson of NCERT class 8 Hindi topic is explained.This is online class video. The poet is the first reader of his Kavya; and the first one to experience Rasa from its Dhvani sensitivities. 1.20//. Anandavardhana viewed the melting of experience in the poet and out flowing of this empathy as inspired poetic form solidified in words. Meaning of Name Dhvani: Information on origin, gender, religion, nicknames and meaning of Dhvani. The name Dhvani means. The suggested sense of the word, designated as Dhvani (resonance or tone or suggestion), is regarded by Anandavardhana as the soul of a Kavya:  Kavyasya Atma Dhvanih. He thus brought the emotional response or enjoyment of the listener or the reader (Rasa) within the ambit of ‘meaning’. From Proto-Indo-Aryan *dʰwaníṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰwaníš, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwen- (“to make a noise”). Search through our baby name collection containing letters example ojas. Ananadavardhana claims, it is the Dhvani that allows new poetry to come into being. His theory of Dhvani, to put it simply, is Vyanjana or suggestion as applied to poetry. Boys Girls. The subtle, suggested essence of the Kavya that resides within and is extracted with delight by the cultured reader (Sahrudaya) is the Dhavni. According to him, events and descriptions, figures of speech etc not directly relevant to the development of the theme and its main Rasa should be avoided in a good Kavya. He stated, Eventually, Ananadavardhana, Abhinavagupta , Mammata and others stoutly  defended  the. But the third variety of implicit sense of Rasa Dhvani cannot be expressed through the direct meaning of words, nor in words commonly used in day-to-day life (loka vyavahaara). Many seemed to accept Dhvani ; but as a secondary  function. body (Sarira) of the Kavya ;  and , the aesthetic  effect it has  upon the reader (Rasa)  – Kavih karoti kvyam; Rasam jananthi panditah. In Rasa Dhvani, emotion is conveyed through Vyanjaka, suggestion. Those who criticized his views include: Bhattanayaka, Kuntaka, Mahimabhatta, Dhananjaya, Bhoja, Rajasekhra, Vishwanatha and few others. A submission from France says the name Dhvani means "Dhvani means sound" and is of Indian (Sanskrit) origin. saktum iva titaunā punanto yatra dhīrā manasā vācam akrata | atrā sakhāyaḥ  sakhyāni jānate bhadraiṣāṃ lakṣmīr nihitādhi vāci |RV_10,071.02 |. According to Anandavardhana, all these devices are to be used for helping to evoke the right response in the mind and the heart of the reader. Abhinavagupta differed from Anandavardhana over the issues of the emotion of the poet. There's more to Indian names than our focus area. No new poet can merely borrow from earlier poets; and, yet be able to compose a credible new work. Bhatta Nayaka (8th-9th centuries) who wrote Hridayadarpana to refute  Anandavardhana’s theory , pointed out that Rasa can be experienced; but not suggested. ); and ; responds by saying : it is the ever renewing (nava-navonvesha) wonder in speech that arises not only from the novelty of descriptions , but also , indeed, from the novelty of the object of utterance as well – uktirhi vācya-viśeṣa-pratipādi vacanam / tad vaicitrye kathaṃ na vācya vaicitryam /. Indeed Sphota is often identified with Pranava. He stated vakyatha Rasatmakarth kavyam establishing the correlation between Rasa and poetry; and pushing down the Dhvani. aṅgirasa-viruddhānāṃ vyabhicāriṇāṃ prācuryeṇāniveśanam, niveśane vā kṣipram evāṅgirasa-vyabhicāry-anuvṛttir iti dvitīyaḥ / aṅgatvena punaḥ punaḥ pratyavekṣā paripoṣaṃ nīyamānasyāpy aṅga-bhūtasya rasasyeti tṛtīyaḥ / anayā diśānye ‘pi prakārā utprekṣaṇīyāḥ / virodhinas tu rasasyāṅgirasāpekṣayā kasyacin nyūnatā sampādanīyā / yathā śānte ‘ṅgini śṛṅgārasya śṛṅgāre vā śāntasya / paripoṣa-rahitasya rasasya kathaṃ rasatvam iti cet-uktam atrāṅgirasāpekṣayeti /. Add More Info. Indian, Hindu, Gujarati, Sanskrit, Marathi, Tamil, Kannada, Oriya, Jain; More info. And therefore, Bhartrhari claimed that the views of these ancients support his own theory –Sphota-vada. The Navina School laid more importance on the emotional content (Bhava) of the Kavya. It does not mean that words and primary meanings are unimportant. http://www.pitarau.com/ is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. It divided Dhvani into three kinds – Vastu (matter), Alamkara (figures of speech) and Rasa (emotion) . Similarly, he did not venture into the philosophical and grammatical world of Sphota as Bhartrhari did. Variants: For another variant of the name Dhwani across the world, see Dhvani. It is called Rasa – Dhvani where in Rasa or flavour or emotion or mood or sentiment of poetry is evoked. As I understand it ; the basic position of Anandavardhana is that an emotion cannot be evoked in a reader by mere mention of a name or a term and its bare description. The poetry also invokes emotional response. The Rasa Dhvani, the most important type of Dhvani, consists in suggesting Bhava, the feelings or sentiments. The suggestive power of the word is through Vyanjana-artha. It is a noun by form. Thus, the faculty of indicating something which it is not is the distinguishing character of Dhvani. The suggested sense Vyanjana-artha, which (though not explicit) becomes the object of awareness, is regarded as the essence of poetry. Names Similar to Dhvani. By this, the  sentiment based in a character (say, Shakuntalatva etc) is forgotten for a moment ; and , she is visualized just as a Nayika, any lovely looking heroine . For instance, Adi Kavi Valmiki was so intensely hurt and saddened by the wailing of curlew bird whose mate was shot down by a hunter in the woods, that his grief (Shoka) poured out into a verse (Shloka) filled with pathos that became the Rasa of Ramayana. Search comprehensively and find the name meaning of Dhvani and its name origin or of any other name in our database. Meaning of the Sanskrit Word: dhvani dhvani —the sounds Madhya 5.102, Madhya 13.14, Madhya 13.48, Madhya 13.50, Madhya 21.128, Antya 17.43 dhvani —sound Adi 12.26, Adi 17.123, Madhya 17.45, Antya 17.41 dhvani —vibration Adi 13.93, Madhya 12.111, Madhya 17.35, Madhya 21.142 Search. He added the Pratiiyamana or implied sense which is two-fold :  one is Loukika or the one that we use  in ordinary life;  and the other is Kavya vyapara gocara  or one  which is used only in poetry. Rasa, Dhvani and Auchitya are the Prastha traya, the three fundamental principles of Kavya Shastra. Click here for further possible spellings of Dhvani. But, what has changed is the types of discussions around it. Both Vastu Dhvani and Alamkara Dhvani can be expressed by direct meaning (Vacyaartha) or by suggestion (Vyangyanartha). Dr. Kunjunni Raja concludes (page 315) : many of criticisms against the Dhvani theory are due to the fact that the poets and literary critics did not confine themselves to a relatively small portion of language behavior, which is definite; but, tried to extend it to the totality of human experience, including the emotional. . And, that is followed by the understanding of it’s  emotive language ; and, the appreciation by the reader of the true import of the poet. Other dhvani English Meanings are are Accent, Emphasis, Force, Inflection, Intonation, Modulation, Resonance, Strength, Stress, Timbre, Tonality, and … And, therefore, Bharata, though he stressed on the structural unity of the plot did not, perhaps, consider it necessary for a Drama (as a whole) to portray a particular single Rasa of its own. Dhavni means voice, echo,, sound, tone, breathe sound, tune, sound of drum in Sanskrit. Mammata carried forward the argument that Rasa is the principle substance and the object of poetry. Add More Info . Name Meaning of Dhwani. It is a noun by form. It is the essence of poetry. But, Bharata who was mainly concerned with the successful productions of Drama that has to please varieties of people with different   or varied tastes, did not seem to considered it from that angle. The later writers of Kavya had adopted the idea of a predominant Rasa for the work as a whole. Only those endowed with Prathibha can truly enjoy the essence and beauty of Kavya. Hence, the epithet Kavyasya Atma Dhvani resonates with Kavyasya Atma Rasah. Bhatta Nayaka names such a phenomenon as Bhavakatva or Sadharanikarana (universalized form) – Bhavakatva vyaparena bhavyamano Raso bhogena param bhujyate. Dhvani - Name Meaning, Origin & Popularity. To overcome this,  Bhatta Nayaka suggested Sadharanikarana , by the function of Bhavakatva. Prathibha is also called, at times, as Vasana. Rasa is the subject of Vyanjaka, as differentiated from Abhidha and Lakshana. Hence, she cannot be the cause of  his emotional experience  of love (alambana-vibhava). In the process, Anandavardhana chose to align his theory of Dhvani with Rasa as initially outlined by Bharata. N.B. Another point stressed by Anandavardhana is that the imaginative sensibility necessary for proper appreciation of a Kavya can be acquired only by close study of classical works and by constant practice of response to works of art. 'ध्वनि तरंग' can be transliterated into english as 'dhvani tarang'. tadadoṣau śabdārthau saguṇāvan-alaṅkṛtī punaḥ kvāpi / idam-uttamam-atiśayini vyaṅgye vācyāddhvanirbudhaiḥ kathitaḥ // MKpr-K_4 //, atādṛśi guṇībhūta-vyaṅgyaṃ vyaṅgye tu madhyamam / śabdacitraṃ vācya citram avyaṅgyaṃ tvavaraṃ smṛtam // MKpr-K_5. The poet has direct experience (sakshath rishi) ; and, the listener derives the same delight by listening to the poet (shruth rishi). The suggestive word, the suggested meaning, the power of suggestion; and, their mutual relationship are virtually the lifeblood of Indian poetics. Meaning of Dhvani. Is the name Dhvani a female or a male gender name and what is the origin of Dhvani? However , Abhinavagupta rejected Bhattanayaka’s hypothesis  , because ” it is a burden to accept two  separate functions like Bhavana and Bhoga”. The ultimate object of Kavya is Rasa, the aesthetic delight. And, they would be rejected if they are not appropriate to the main Rasa (Angirasa) of the Kavya. Rasa is an ideal and impersonalised form of joy. He says in the world (Samsara) of poetry the Poet rules supreme, the whole world transforms according to his wishes. The Indian name Dhwani is a variant form of Dhvani. Their Rasa theory generally was based in dramatic art .Therefore it did not come under Poetic proper. Ugra .. Hindi girl name Sanvi (Sanskrit सन्वी / सान्वी) literally re.. Rasana is ancient word of Sanskrit origin which means taste .. Harishchandra (Sanskrit हरिश्चन्द्र) is a Sanskrit name whic.. But at the same time, Anandavardhana did not get involved in the comprehensive linguistic phenomenon, the Vyanjana and its suggestive power. As Anandavardhana puts it, the latter are compared to a woman’s body ; and, the former to her grace and beauty, which is a subtler manifestation and a more profound meaning of the womanhood. Yet, through the description of the situation the reader understands the emotion and derives that exalted delight, Rasa. The Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana marks a departure from the old ways of understanding Kavya. Compare Popularity Trend for Dhvani Vs Other. The Navina School pointed out that the reader should not stop at  the expression but should go further into the meaning that is suggested, or hinted, by it. This explanation was in line with Anandavardhana’s own views. But, the suggested meaning is understood only by those who are gifted with some imagination and a sort of intuition. It makes an attempt to study Poetics from aesthetic point of view, assimilating all the essentials of various other schools. As regards the Alamkaras that decorate the body of Kavya   with beauteous and sparkling expressions and render it more attractive, they do nourish the Rasa. By popular demand, you can now purchase Backorder Stock and be guaranteed the soonest possible delivery of our most popular products. Copyright © 2016 Pitarau, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The questions raised were : If Guna and Alamkara are left out , what else is there to lend beauty to Kavya? The name Dhvani … dhvani English Meaning - Translate dhvani (Tone) into English from Hindi. With that, the same utterance may convey different suggestions to different people depending upon their level of understanding and receptivity. How to say Dhvani in English? Each poetic work has its own locale and objects. You may take these as random collection of discussions; and, read it for whatever it is worth. Usage: Dhvani, of sanskrit origin, is not a popular first name. Broadly, the Dhvani is classified in three ways: 1.According to the ways the suggested meaning is related to the literal or the prima facie meaning. According to him, the most important element in the import of a Kavya is the emotion (Rasa) suggested; and that can be appreciated and enjoyed by persons of refined sensibilities (Sahrudaya). If it is argued that Guna and Alamkara are different from Dhvani , how can they be said to produce beauty? The poet has to be inspired, charged with emotion to create a poetry that comes alive with suggestions (, Anandavardhana maintained that experience of Rasa comes through the unravelling of the suggested sense (Dhavani). One to experience Rasa from its inner essence is the power that creates the relationship among words is,! 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It may be of three kinds appears obvious independent or cognizable existence of into. Than our focus area of Anandavardhana ’ s exposition of Dhvani, how can they be to.